What is Neuropathy? Types and what cause it

What is Neuropathy?

It came from the term of nerves, any damage and malfunction occurred in nerves. The nerve can be damaged by injury or disease in all over the body. Most of the neuropathy can be categorized by the type or location of the nerve. It can also identify the disease which causes it.

Types of Neuropathy

  • Peripheral neuropathy: peripheral nerve carries the signal from the brain to the whole part of the body. Also from the spinal cord. Peripheral neuropathy is when those nerves get damaged and stop working properly.
  • The Somatic Nervous System: the nerve system which affects our body movement, like a hand, arm, leg etc. these voluntarily skeletal muscles are connected to the skin, muscle and sensory organs like eyes, ear, and nose.
  • Autonomic neuropathy: this nerve system can control all the involuntary or unconscious movements like digestive system, heartbeat, and breathing

 What Causes Neuropathy?

  • Diabetes: diabetes is one of the common reasons for neuropathy, also commonly called diabetic neuropathy. For people with diabetes for ages and have been a problem with weight, the problem of controlling their diabetic, blood pressure and blood sugar problem are most commonly have this disease.
  • Vitamin: vitamin deficiency of B12 and vitamin B can damage the nerve and cause this disease.
  • Infection: some of the infection like HIV/AIDS, Lyme disease, leprosy, and syphilis, can damage nerves.
  • Alcoholism: alcohol can seriously damage the nerve, which causes vitamin deficiencies and may also directly damage nerves.
  • Genetics: in some case, genetically or inheriting diesis can cause this disease.
  • Medication: some of drug or medication can cause nerve damage. In some case like drugs for cancer treatment or some of the antibiotics.
  • Injury: injury to a certain nerve or damaging the nerve can cause neuropathy. If the pressure to any nerve increases or blood flows to any nerve decrees can cause serious damage.
  • Tumor: tumors of the nerves or close by structures may damage the nerves straight, by invading the nerves, or cause this disease due to pressure on the nerves.
  • Kidney: Kidney disease, which allows high levels of nerve-damaging toxic substances to flow in the blood. This can cause this disease.
  • Poison: exposure to poison or heavy metal or chemicals can cause this disease.
  • Bone marrow disorders: These include abnormal protein in the blood (monoclonal gammopathies).

There are many factors which can cause this disease, one of them is idiopathic, which means the cause is unknown.

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