Rheumatology: Rheumatic Diseases Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Rheumatology?

Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in pediatrics as well as internal medicine, devoted to the therapy, and diagnosis of rheumatic diseases. Clinicians who specialize in rheumatology are known as Rheumatologists. They are also specializing in pediatric rheumatology. They can treat rheumatic diseases of children. They deal with the clinical issues such as soft tissues, joints, autoimmune disease, allied condition, heritable connective tissue disorders and vasculitis.

Symptoms of Rheumatic Diseases

  • Restricted movement in the affected joints
  • Fatigue
  • tenderness or Chronic pain in the joints
  • Joint pain
  • Redness and Warmth in the joint area
  • Swelling in the joints
  • Joint stiffness

The symptoms of rheumatic diseases may resemble other problems and medical conditions. Always consult your Rheumatologists for a diagnosis.

The immune system of your body protects you from infection, disorder, and disease. But if you have an autoimmune disease, the immune system of your body assaults healthy cells.

This disease can adversely affect various parts of your body. Women – Especially Hispanic-American, Native-American women, and African-American have a higher risk for autoimmune diseases. There are various types of this disease.

It makes it difficult for your Rheumatologist to understand if you actually have one of these diseases, and if you have, it’s hard to know which one. Obtaining a diagnosis can be stressful and frustrating.

Generally, the first symptoms of this disease are low fever, muscle aches, and fatigue. The sign of the disease is inflammation, which can cause pain, redness etc.

The diseases can also have flare-ups when they get remissions, and worse. The Treatment relies on the disease, but in certain cases, one essential target is to minimize inflammation.

Sometimes rheumatologist recommends corticosteroids or other drugs that minimize your immune response. There are more than 80 different types of this disease. But, some disease is quite rarer, some are common.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), Acute anterior uveitis, Sjögren’s Syndrome, Rheumatoid arthritis, Reactive Arthritis or Reiter’s Syndrome, Autoimmune Pancreatitis, Autoimmune Thyroiditis etc.

The Diseases Affecting The Skin:

  • Vitiligo – in this disorder the cells are destroyed leading to the creation of white de-pigmented patches in the skin.
  • Alopecia areata- This disorder is felt when the body’s immune system attacks the roots of the hair or hair follicles.
  • Dermatomyositis – The Dermatomyositis disorder results in inflammation of a skin rash and muscles. It can affect the people with cancers of the abdomen, lungs and other organs.
  • Scleroderma – This condition generally affects the connective tissues of muscles, blood vessels, internal organs, and skin. Usually, the condition affects ladies between ages 35 and 50 years.
  • Psoriasis – This disorder is a skin disease. There is too much growth of the new cells under the skin layers.

A rheumatologist can also diagnose or treat following Diseases:  

Inflammatory Arthropathies

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
  • Spondyloarthropathies
  • Psoriatic arthropathy
  • Septic arthritis
  • Enteropathic spondylitis

Degenerative Arthropathies:

  • Osteoarthritis

So, Rheumatologist can diagnose and treat all kind of autoimmune disease and many more. If you are experiencing these kinds of diseases, consult your doctor.


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