Neuropathy, types, complications and causes

What is neuropathy?

The central nervous system is divided into two types which are like the peripheral nervous system and the somatic nervous system. The peripheral is considered to be the largest nervous system of the human body. This runs through the complete body to create connection all throughout. There is spinal cord which separates it into two distinctive systems; these are the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.

Neuropathy is also called autonomic or the peripheral neuropathy. This is the disorder in which the person’s hands and legs are affected with getting weak, numb and feels tingling with pain. Apart from that, this disorder can also result in troubles with maintaining balance in walking as well as grasping items.

With detail analysis and research, it is found that neuropathy is caused due to damage to the nerves which is often found in the peripheral nervous system. This nervous system is considered to control the motor and sensory nerves that are autonomous.

These generally are required to transmit voluntary and involuntary messages to the brain. What it results to is to damage the axon which is the actual nerve and the myelin sheath which covers the nerves and assists with the transmission signals. Neuropathy is also recorded to affect the small and large nerve fibers inside the brain.

Types of neuropathy

Looking to the types of neuropathy, the disorder is noted to affect 3 types of nerves which are like:-

  • Sensory-related nerves which are responsible to carry messages from the sense organs to the brain.
  • The motor neurons which is responsible to monitor the conscious moment of the muscles.
  • The autonomic nerves which are going to regulate the involuntary function inside the body.

Apart from all these the neuropathy is also going to affect single nerves that are called the mononeuropathy. This is going to affect the ulnar, radial, peroneal, femoral as well as the cervical nerves the body.


The disease in certain cases is considered to be genetically and is inherited through birth and in some cases, it is acquired in the lifetime. Sometimes for physicians, it becomes difficult to identify the real cause of it. So it has been identified with the causes like systemic diseases, physical trauma and even to be an infectious disease or an autoimmune disorder. Some of the causes are

  • Kidney disorder which leads to deposition of a good amount of uric acids in the nerve to cause damage.
  • Toxins circulated into the blood when you are exposed to heavy metals.
  • Anticancer drugs and chemicals leading to an imbalance in the liver functioning.
  • Hormonal diseases like hyperthyroidism that is going to disturb the metabolic processes.
  • Deficiency of vitamins like B1, B6, and niacin which is fatal.
  • Cancer and tumors that is quite harmful to the body.
  • Chronic inflammation which is going to affect the nervous system to a great extent.
  • Blood-related disorders damaging the blood vessels.

Final Verdict

Dysfunctioning of a single nerve can be quite fatal. This is being proved by researchers who have discovered that neuropathy which is going to be dangerous for people above 55 years. Generally, it is seen that 2.5% of the population has been suffering from the disorder with a lot of issues occurring across the body. As it is well known that the nervous system which is the central part of the body coordination.


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