Juvenile arthritis is also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis or juvenile chronic arthritis; juvenile idiopathic arthritis and childhood arthritis. It has five different classifications depending on the symptoms identified within the 1st 6 months of diagnosis.
The Five classifications of juvenile arthritis are given below:
- Pauciarticular juvenile arthritis
- Systemic onset juvenile arthritis
- Psoriatic juvenile arthritis
Pauciarticular juvenile arthritis:
Pauciarticular juvenile arthritis affects few joints such as wrist, knee, elbow, or ankle and is the most prevalent type of juvenile arthritis.
This specific arthritis affects around 50% of children diagnosed with arthritis, very few of which develop general, or symptoms, body-wide.
The patient hardly ever experiences deformed joints or bone growth problems, which can be linked with other types of arthritis.
Some children with juvenile arthritis develop irritation of the eye which may cause blindness if it isn’t treated immediately.
This arthritis may sometimes vanish within a few years, but many children will experience periods of flares and remission for the rest of their life.
Polyarticular Juvenile Arthritis:
Polyarticular adversely affect about 45% of children clinically determined with juvenile arthritis and it adversely affects more female than male. It affects children with a tremendous age gap and it is hardly ever first diagnosed between age 3 and 10.
This subtype of juvenile arthritis affects 5 joints such as the joints of the feet and hands, the knee has been known to be affected also. When the knee is affected by this problem, the bones in the leg will start to expand at different rates and one leg will come to be longer than the other leg.
This can lead to arthritis in the spine or hip, which around 50% of children diagnosed with Polyarticular juvenile arthritis will develop.
General Symptoms of Polyarticular juvenile arthritis
- A slight rash
- Decreased appetite
- Slight fever
Systemic Onset Juvenile Arthritis
Systemic onset juvenile arthritis occurs in around 10% of juvenile arthritis patients and affects girls and boys equally. Usually, Primary diagnosis is made between 5 and 10 years of age. It will be tough to diagnose precisely because the preliminary symptoms do not affect the joints of an individual.
Initial symptoms of Systemic onset juvenile arthritis:
- High fever
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Loss of craving and subsequent weight loss
The last two classifications, psoriatic and spondyloarthropathy juvenile arthritis are exceptional. Psoriatic affects the four joints in starting. The fingers, hips, spine, and toes are the major joints affected by Psoriatic. Children with this type of juvenile arthritis usually suffer from psoriasis and have ridges or pits on their fingernails.
This Psoriatic juvenile arthritis usually hinders the child. Usually, Spondyloarthropathy juvenile arthritis affects boys above the age of eight. It starts in the ankles and knees, slowly moving to the lower hips and spine.
These all subtypes of juvenile arthritis can be treated with the use of Joint Advance.