Diabetes: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is one of the diseases which occur due to high blood glucose in the blood. Blood glucose or blood sugar is the main source of energy. Insulin hormone made by the pancreas helps glucose from food get into your cells. When we eat food, the food turns into sugar or glucose and at that moment of time pancreas release insulin hormone. Insulin hormone allows the body to absorb glucose to produce energy.

Types of Diabetes

  1. Type 1

In this type of problem, the body does not make insulin hormone. The immune system attack and destroys the cells in the pancreas that prepare insulin. This is also called as an autoimmune reaction. This is generally appearing in children and early adult life.

  1. Type 2

In this type of problem, the body does not make as well as use insulin hormone. This can occur from childhood to any certain age. This diabetes is caused due to obesity, increasing age, and bad diet. This is also a chronic disease.

  1. Gestational

This type of diabetes occurs in pregnant women and which goes after the baby is born. The woman suffering from diabetes at the time of pregnancy may cause type 2 diabetes afterwards.

Glucagonoma Patients with glucagonoma may experience diabetes because of a lack of equilibrium between levels of insulin production and glucagon production. Steroid induced diabetes is caused due to prolonged use of glucocorticoid therapy.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Heart Problem: The blood supply to the muscles of heart is lessening.

Stroke: If blood pressure, cholesterol levels and blood sugar levels are not controlled then the risk of stroke increases.

Healing of wounds or infections: wounds or infections are getting cured after long time. Women with diabetes are difficult to recover from bladder and vaginal infections.

Dental Disease: The problem related to gum such as red or swollen gums.

Stomach Problem: The muscles of stomach stop working properly.

Nerve Problem: Damage of nerves which can lead to other problems.

Hearing Problem: The problem of higher risk of hearing.

Kidney Problem: uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to high risk of kidney disease.

Itchy Skin: A feeling of itchiness on skin.

Irritability: due to lack of energy.

Intense hunger. As the body is not producing properly insulin hormone, the energy is not circulated properly which leads to find out more food and causes hunger.

Prevention of this disease

Do more physical activity such as walking and exercise

There are many benefits of physical activities

  • Lose weight
  • Lower blood sugar
  • Boost your sensitivity to insulin

Eat plenty of fiber

The benefits of eating plenty of fiber such as fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grain, and nuts are

  • Improve blood sugar
  • Lower the risk of diabetes
  • Weight loss

Last but not the least, Carbohydrate is the main source of insulin and so take the diet that helps to reduce carbohydrate intake will help towards reducing the risk of disease.


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